Generally accepted standards require that all outlets near the sink in the bathroom be Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) protected. The GFCI outlet is a major safety feature in that it will interrupt power to the outlet when significant moisture is detected, thus greatly decreasing the chance of electrocution. GFCI outlets should be tested routinely by activating a test button on the outlet or on the breaker in the electrical panel box. In addition, each major appliance in the kitchen should have its own outlet with its own separate circuit in the electrical panel box.


Countertops should be securely fastened to the cabinet underneath. The back splash is usually secured to the counter top, not the wall. This allows for movement between the walls of the house and the floors and cabinets. A bead of caulk is usually applied to the back splash. Caulk must be routinely cleaned, maintained and occasionally replaced over time.


Evaluating appliances is not a requirement under the scope of the ASHI Standards for home inspection. However, most home buyers expect that the major kitchen appliances be checked for functionality. It is strongly recommended that the buyer operate each appliance prior to the contract closing. Of course, no guarantee or warrantee is given or implied regarding the function of any appliance.

Appliance Average Life Expectancy

Oven/range               15‑30 years

Refrigerator               12‑24 years

Dishwasher              5‑10 years

Garbage Disposal    5‑10 years

Microwave Oven      10‑15 years

Clothes Washer       5‑10 years

Clothes Dryer           5‑10 years

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